There at least five reasons to note as to why it is important to believe that Jesus was miraculously conceived of a virgin.*
First, it is important for the trustworthiness of the Gospel records.
Luke claimed that he wrote his gospel “having investigated everything carefully from the beginning” (Luke 1:3). If he was wrong concerning Jesus’ conception, he could have been wrong in other areas as well. Matthew would have been wrong as well (Matt 1:23; cf. Isa 7:14). Not only could we trust neither Luke nor Matthew, but we could not fully trust the entirety of the Scriptures as well. If two authors are wrong, what’s to say the others aren’t wrong as well?
Second, it is important for Jesus’ sinlessness.
Let’s suppose someone could be born of a virgin today. They would still be born as a sinner, having inherited their sinfulness from the mother. Conception does not make someone sinful only by means of the fact that there is a father. The Spirit’s role in Mary’s conception guaranteed that Jesus would be sinless. The Holy Spirit of God could not work a miraculous conception and leave the conceived as an unholy sinner.
Third, it is important for our salvation.
If Jesus was not sinless, we would have no true substitute on the cross. If Jesus was a sinner, He would have been only a man and would have needed someone who was both God and Man to die for Him.
Fourth, it is important for the protection of Jesus (and Mary) from the blasphemous alternative, which is a string of outright lies.
Jesus claimed to have come from heaven (John 6:41–42). Mary claimed to be a virgin (Luke 1:34). Both our Savior and His earthly mother would be liars if this miracle were not true.
Fifth, it is important for the only correct theological explanation concerning the personality of Jesus.
Jesus was fully God and fully man, not half and half or a fusion of the two that created something more than human but less than God. He was not God who only appeared to be a man or man who only appeared to be God. Though we cannot completely comprehend the complexities of Jesus’ personality, we at least know that God and Man could be one in Jesus by means of Jesus’ miraculous conception.
*Adapted from Rolland D. McCune, “Systematic Theology II, Class Notes” (Detroit Baptist Theological Seminary, Spring 2008).
The word pimplemi is used to indicate some type of “filling” several times in the books of Luke and Acts. When this “filling” is with the Holy Spirit, dramatic events typically take place. John the Baptist was “filled with the Holy Spirit” for the exercise of his prophetic office (Luke 1:15). “Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit” when she spoke prophetically about the Messiah (Luke 1:41; cf. 1:42–45). “Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied” about John the Baptist and the Messiah as well (Luke 1:67; cf. 1:68–79). The disciples “were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues” (Acts 2:4). Peter was “filled with the Holy Spirit” and ably defended the gospel and his healing of a lame man (Acts 4:8; cf. 3:1–10). The church was “filled with the Holy Spirit and continued to speak of the word of God with boldness” (Acts 4:31). The apostle Paul was told by the disciple Ananias to “be filled with the Holy Spirit” when he was commissioned for his apostolic mission (Acts 9:17). Paul was “filled with the Holy Spirit” and smote the wicked magician Elymas with blindness (Acts 13:9).
Luke also uses a related word, pleres, usually to describe someone as being “full of” the Spirit in order to describe their character. The church was to choose seven men “full of the Spirit and of wisdom” (Acts 6:3). Stephen was such a man, “full of faith and of the Holy Spirit” (Acts 6:5). He is described again as being “full of grace and power” (Acts 6:8), working miracles as a result. He saw Christ in heaven when he was “full of the Holy Spirit” just before his murder (Acts 7:55). Barnabas “was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith” (Acts 11:24).
The one time we are commanded to “be filled with the Spirit” in the New Testament is Ephesians 5:18. The word “be filled” is pleroō, which is similar to pleres and pimplemi in that each of these three words has a ple root. Paul is not commanding us to seek dramatic spiritual experiences but to live a life controlled by the Spirit in areas such as marriage (Eph 5:22–33), family relationships (Eph 6:1–4), work relationships (Eph 6:5–9), and spiritual warfare (Eph 6:10–20).
What is the filling of the Spirit for us today? This filling is not a dramatic filling such as those found in the book Acts but to be constantly controlled by the Spirit so that we show His fruit and work in our lives in every way.
Pastor David Huffstutler
Pastor Huffstutler regularly writes articles for our Sunday bulletin. See his bio on our pastoral bio page.