Join us for a new Christian Life Hour series!
June 12: The Patriarchal Period, Part 1
June 19: The Patriarchal Period, Part 2
June 26: Period of the Exodus and the Wildering Wanderings, Part 1
July 3: Period of the Exodus and the Wildering Wanderings, Part 2
July 10: Period from the Judges to the Temple in Jerusalem, Part 1
July 17: Church Business Meeting
July 24: Period from the Judges to the Temple in Jerusalem, Part 2
July 31: Period of the Divided Kingdom
August 7: Exilic and Post-Exilic Periods
August 14: In the New Testament, Part 1
August 21: In the New Testament, Part 2
My notes are primarily if not totally a summary of the biblical theology portion of Joel Huffstutler’s “He Who Dwelt in the Bush: A Biblical and Historical Theology of the Angel of the LORD” (PhD Dissertation; Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University, 2007).
By doing a biblical theology of the Angel of the Lord, we will study passages in their chronological order, allowing the interpretation and understanding of each passage to inform the passages that come thereafter. Sometimes what is said in later passages helps us to understand earlier passages as well.
Used 213 times in the OT and often translated as angel, the Hebrew term mǎl’āk is similar to the NT Greek term angelos and “denotes an agent, or one who acts in behalf of or represents another person” (Huffstutler, 65). In our study, the Son acts on behalf of the Father and represents Him to other persons, but He also indicates on occasion that He Himself is God.
As to titles, the name LORD in all capital letters is the Hebrew name Yahweh. The name Lord with only the beginning L being a capital letter is the Hebrew term adonai. The name God is elohim in Hebrew. This study will attempt to carefully distinguish these names from one another since this study involves identifying the Angel as the Son who is distinct from the Father.
The Angel of the Lord is often seen and looks like a man. If the Angel is God, the Father is not seen (John 1:18; 1 Tim 4:16; 1 John 4:12, 20; cf. Exod 33:20), and the Spirit does not manifest Himself as a man, we can only conclude that the Angel is the Son of God who is thus seen in both the Testaments. While perhaps not as clear to the first who met the Angel, this fact became clearer as God’s Word was revealed over time along with the Angel’s appearances.
The format of our notes will be to summarize how each text shows the Angel to be God the Son, which in turn helps us to learn about how He interacted with His people then, which will give us principles and perhaps expectations as to how He interacts with us today.
All are welcome. Please join us!
Pastor David Huffstutler
Pastor Huffstutler regularly writes articles for our Sunday bulletin. See his bio on our pastoral bio page.